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Business Voice for the Environment


December 1, 2014

The Honorable Gina McCarthy
Environmental Protection Agency
Attention Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2013-0602
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW.
Washington, DC 20460
(Submitted via regulations.gov)
Re: E2 Comments on the Clean Power Plan Proposal
Administrator McCarthy:
As members of Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2), we recognize that climate change fueled by carbon pollution is creating economic and environmental disruptions with costs that will continue to rise unless we take immediate action. Therefore, we write in support of EPA’s proposed Clean Power Plan which promises to be the most important action on climate change undertaken by the United States government to date. By committing to a firm timeline for reducing carbon pollution from power plants the plan will provide the clear market signal the American business community needs to help address the most pressing issue of our time.
Given the rising economic threats triggered by climate change and the growing economic opportunities presented by growth in clean energy, we believe that this rule is a solid step to protect our environment while strengthening the economy. We also believe that the rule can and should be strengthened by requiring greater amounts of energy efficiency and renewable energy, properly including efficiency and renewable energy into the target formula, and generally updating technological capacity, cost and performance data. The Clean Power Plan will be the cornerstone of US leadership on climate change and serve as the key market driver in U.S. clean energy growth for the next several decades so it is important to target the highest feasible standards. We are very supportive of the Clean Power Plan and hope you will consider our thoughts and suggestions on how to improve its effectiveness.
About Environmental Entrepreneurs
E2 is a nonpartisan, national community of business leaders who promote sound environmental policies that grow the economy. We are entrepreneurs, investors, and professionals from every sector of the economy who collectively have been involved in the financing, founding or development of more than 1,700 companies that have created more than 570,000 jobs. Our members manage billions of dollars in venture and private equity capital that will flow over the next several years into new companies.
Economic Threat of Climate Change
Report after report has made clear that manmade carbon pollution is affecting our climate and as it changes we will undoubtedly face huge economic, health and environmental threats. The latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reaffirms scientific findings that climate change will cause heat waves to occur more often and last longer, create extreme precipitation events that are more intense and frequent in many regions and ensure oceans continue to warm and acidify as global sea levels rise. Furthermore, the IPCC asserts that without immediate action to mitigate pollution, efforts to adapt to changing environmental conditions will be far less effective and far more costly to implement.[i] 
The costs of climate change are already proving to be staggering. In 2012 global costs from natural catastrophes were $160 billion.[ii] Domestically, studies have found that over the last 30 years weather-related loss events in North America have quintupled. In the U.S. 11 weather events costing more than $1 billion each occurred in 2012, with the cost of Superstorm Sandy alone exceeding $60 billion and the drought which afflicted half the country costing $11 billion.[iii],[iv] These costs are expected to rise as climate change continues. Both the National Climate Assessment[v] and the recent Risky Business[vi] report have found that the U.S. economy will see hundreds of billions of dollars in costs from damage to coastal property and infrastructure due to rising sea levels, climate-driven changes in agricultural production and the impact of higher temperatures on worker productivity, public health, and energy. The risks are clear and the U.S. must act now to reduce these threats.
Economic Potential of Clean Energy
Under the Clean Power Plan, the U.S. can fully capitalize on its previous investments in clean energy to support new investments that create jobs. Although clean energy is still an emerging energy sector, representing only 6 percent of generation, it is a strong economic growth sector. Including all clean energy sectors, the U.S. has an estimated 3.4 million clean jobs as of 2013 – a number which is steadily growing.[vii]  In the last two years E2 has tracked nearly 600 clean energy and clean transportation project announcements that could create more than 210,000 jobs when completed.[viii] Meanwhile, growth trends look positive as clean energy installations continue to grow while costs continue to fall. Over the last four years, wind generation has doubled and solar capacity has grown by a factor of five,[ix] and both have reduced costs by close to 40 percent.[x],[xi]  Meanwhile, utility-run efficiency programs investments have increased from $2.7 billion in 2007 to over $7 billion in 2013.[xii] Investments like these have created jobs and new projects across the economy. The Clean Power Plan will accelerate this growth if designed to maximize private and public investment.
As we have seen in other carbon pollution programs like the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), the economic impact from reducing carbon emissions is a net positive for the economy even without factoring in enormous health and environmental benefits. Since 2008, the states participating in RGGI gained more than $1.6 billion in economic value, consumers saved $1.1 billion on electric bills, and over 16,000 jobs were created.[xiii] One reason RGGI has been so successful is that it has granted member states great flexibility in the methods used to meet emission reduction goals.
The Best System of Emission Reductions
Flexibility is also one of the greatest strengths of the Clean Power Plan. The proposal looks at the real-world potential to reduce carbon pollution by deploying renewable energy, harvesting our nation’s vast energy efficiency resources, improving the efficiency of power plants, and relying more on lower-polluting and less on the highest-emitting power plants. This system of emission reductions should be categorized as both the “best system of emission reduction” and “adequately demonstrated” as it is the same system that states and companies across the country are deploying to effectively reduce their carbon emissions. The proposal is built around state-federal collaboration, granting flexibility for states to build upon their progress, as well as the progress of their cities and towns, in addressing carbon pollution.  States will design a plan on their own or collaborate with other states on multi-state plans that may provide additional opportunities for cost savings and flexibility. If states propose strong plans it would provide the clear market signals businesses, entrepreneurs and investors are looking for to further invest in the state and position the U.S. as an international leader on clean energy.
Clean Power Plan and Clean Energy
While we believe the Clean Power Plan is both a critical environmental policy and a potentially huge economic catalyst, we also think it could do more to motivate states to further invest in energy efficiency and renewable energy as part of the solution. Recent studies have shown that the U.S. electricity grid is able to effectively manage receiving up to 30 percent of its power from renewable sources with only minor adjustments to the existing grid and system planning. [xiv],[xv],[xvi]  Additionally, recent reports have shown that costs for clean energy are significantly lower than they were just a few years ago, with wind projects averaging $37–$81/MWh in 2013 and utility scale photovoltaic solar dropping to $72–$86/MWh.[xvii] Unfortunately, the proposed EPA model greatly underestimates the growth potential and extent costs are falling for both renewable energy and energy efficiency. To better improve adoption of these technologies we believe that EPA must reconsider some of the assumptions of its modeling.
Recommendations for Renewable Energy (Block 3)
  • EPA should update cost and performance assumptions for renewable energy.
  • EPA should adopt a technical-economic potential analysis of renewable energy capacity in each state.
  • EPA should include distributed generation in its modeling.
  • EPA should eliminate use of the regional growth rate formula.
  • EPA should account for potential growth of state renewable portfolio standard requirements.
The Clean Power Plan appropriately recognizes the ability of deploying increased levels of renewable energy as an effective way to reduce carbon pollution. We encourage EPA to reconsider some of its modeling decisions to more accurately reflect the capacity for renewable energy deployment. First, the model used by EPA for Block 3 uses cost data from projects completed in 2012 to estimate the future cost of renewable energy.  However, since 2010 costs for new projects have dropped dramatically and are predicted to drop even more in coming years.[xviii]  The EPA model should more accurately represent these price trends by updating the cost and performance assumptions for renewable energy technologies to more recently forecasted industry data. One way to better account for these market dynamics is to adopt a technical-economic potential analysis of renewable energy capacity in each state, similar to the proposed alternative approach, instead of using regional renewable portfolio standard (RPS) averages. Second, the Block 3 model does not include distributed generation as a major source of renewable energy capacity, despite the fact that net metered capacity now makes up about half of total U.S. solar PV capacity.[xix] Third, in attempting to allow for the time needed to plan and construct required amounts of renewable energy capacity the EPA model uses a regional growth rate formula. However, this formula actually serves as a growth cap, constraining states from doing more. EPA should eliminate this constraint as many states are seeing wind and solar growth rates of well above the highest regional rate of 15 percent.[xx]  Additionally, the EPA model has not accounted for the growth of renewables beyond the 2020 end date of many state RPS plans. Assuming renewable levels will be the same in 2030 as they are in 2020 is unreasonable and EPA should update its model to better account for potential growth in state RPS requirements.   In total, these relatively small modeling changes will greatly increase the accuracy of EPA’s model and encourage states to plan for greater renewable energy deployment as part of their strategies to lower carbon pollution.
Recommendations for Energy Efficiency (Block 4)
  • EPA should update cost and performance assumptions for energy efficiency.
  • EPA should call for 2.0 percent annual energy savings.
  • EPA should modify efficiency ramp up rate to .25-.35 percent.
  • EPA should include efficiency saving beyond utility run programs.
In Block 4, EPA correctly recognizes that energy efficiency is the most cost effective method to reduce emissions, but it also undervalues the role that energy efficiency could play - underestimating how much, and how quickly states can affordably deploy by overestimating costs and ignoring additional sources of efficiency beyond voluntary utility run programs. The EPA plan calls for up to 1.5 percent annual savings from efficiency with a ramp up rate of 0.2 percent but recent state experience has shown both of these numbers to be too conservative with 15 states having already achieved or exceeded 1.5 percent.[xxi]  We believe a more reasonable goal is 2.0 percent annual savings with a ramp up rate of 0.25 - 0.35 percent. If EPA included other opportunities to save energy from additional programs and activities, such as transmission and distribution system efficiency improvements, state building energy and appliance standards, and savings delivered by energy service companies (ESCO) that do not get funding from utility and state programs, we believe that a 2.0 percent goal would be easily achievable in most states. Additionally, EPA’s model uses a range of $85-90/MWh for the levelized cost of saved electricity from 2020 to 2030, but independent analysis from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has found the average savings-weighted total resource cost of saved energy will likely be closer to $44/MWh.[xxii]  This analysis is confirmed by long running efficiency programs in Massachusetts, Vermont and California, which all have costs below the EPA model estimate.[xxiii]
Recommendations for State Target Formula
We also find that EPA should ensure the calculation of state targets fully reflects the ability of renewable energy and energy efficiency to reduce carbon pollution. While the EPA proposal correctly finds that efficiency and renewable energy directly reduce fossil generation, the formula used to set state targets does not reflect this reality.  When EPA adds new renewables generation and efficiency savings to the formula it does not reduce tons of carbon pollution from fossil generation. This minimizes the impact of renewables and efficiency on emissions and leads to weaker emissions goals, particularly in the later years of the plan. Altering the formula would deliver better emissions reductions and create more incentives for investment in sustainable energy technologies. We note that EPA has discussed this issue in the notice of data availability and under a revised formula the target in the out-years becomes stronger. We hope that the revised approach will be adopted in the final rule. 
We believe that these improvements to the Clean Power Plan will strengthen the plan and deliver better longer term results to the economy. As evidenced over the last ten years, renewable energy and energy efficiency not only provide more predictable and lower energy costs to the industrial, commercial and residential sectors, but they also provide great amounts of new, well-paying jobs for Americans. With better incentives for renewable energy and energy efficiency as a compliance pathway, the Clean Power Plan will help ensure U.S. leadership in the growing $250 billion global clean energy market.
International Economic Perspective
By ensuring American leadership on climate and clean energy policy, the innovations we develop domestically will also be the products and services we export to the expanding international market for clean energy, a multi-trillion dollar opportunity. U.S. manufacturers can be the leading global suppliers of cleaner cars, cleaner fuels, cleaner power, and technologies that improve industrial, power plant and building efficiency. These initiatives will also serve to make our nation more secure by promoting geopolitical stability and helping to avoid resource shortages leading to confrontations and humanitarian crises resulting from climate disruption. As the world’s strongest economy, America can and must lead in this arena. The Clean Power Plan is an important step in meeting this obligation.
The American business community is eager to take advantage of the new opportunities created by the Clean Power Plan. We strongly support its goals and hope the final rule will be designed in a way that supports strong action on reducing emissions while providing the flexibility needed for continued innovation. We are ready to work with you to ensure this plan works for our communities to protect them from the risks of climate change while providing new economic opportunities.

Dan Abrams (California)
President/CEO, Wynkoop Properties
Clifford Adams (New York)
Managing Director, Coady Diemar Partners
Judith Albert (New York)
Chair, Board of Directors, Cornerstone Capital Group
Fannie Allen (California)
Owner, MFA Designs
Ron Alverson (South Dakota)
Chairman, Dakota Ethanol
Steven Anderson (Virginia)
LOGCAP Country Manager, FLUOR
Christopher Arndt (Colorado)
Private Investor & Author
Anne Avis (California)
Greg Avis (California)
Co-founder, Senior Advisor, Summit Partners
Jay Baldwin (California)
Partner, Wind River Capital Partners, LLC
Dora Barlaz Hanft (New York)
Frederick Baron (California)
Partner, Cooley LLP
Kathy Baron (California)
Kathy Barry (California)
Private Healthcare Pracitioner
Caroline Bauhaus (California)
Education Consultant, Equity & Access
Mark Bauhaus (California)
Partner, Just Business
Patricia Bauman (District of Columbia)
President, Bauman Foundation
Mitchell Beer
President, Smarter Shift
Elizabeth Bekiroglu (Washington)
Associate General Counsel, Seattle Genetics, Inc.
Dave Belote (Virginia)
Managing Partner & CEO, DARE Strategies LLC
Jeff Bennett (Colorado)
Founder, Big Kid Science
Lisa Bennett (Colorado)
Eric Berman (Washington)
Angel VC
Luann Berman (Washington)
Tony Bernhardt, PhD (California)
Northern California Director, Environmental Entrepreneurs
Aron Bernstein (Massachusetts)
Professor of Physics, MIT
Larry Birenbaum (California)
Former SVP, Cisco Systems
Loren Blackford (New York)
Lucy Blake (California)
President, Northern Sierra Partnership
Maureen Blanc (California)
Director, Charge Across Town
Adam Borod (New York)
Senior Analyst, RWN Management, LLCngs
David Bowen (California)
Bill Boyk (Oregon)
CEO/Founder, GyroVolts by Ameristar Solar, LLC
Diane Boyk (Oregon)
Tim Brummels (California)
CEO/President, Prenexus Health, LLC
John Bryant (District of Columbia)
Reid Buckley (California)
Principal, Orion Renewable Energy Group
Barbara Brenner Buder (California)
Bob Burnett (California)
Retired, Cisco Systems
Jane Byrd (California)
Acting Director, Living Labs
Dianne Callan (Massachusetts)
Independent Legal Consulting, Green Tech Legal
Bill Capp (Florida)
Founder, Grid Storage Consulting
Jacqueline Capp, DDS (Florida)
Owner, JHC Studio
Peter Carson (California)
Partner, Sheppard Mullin Hampton & Richter LLP
Priscilla Carson (California)
Geoff Chapin (Massachusetts)
Partner, Phoenix Revolution Inc.
John Cheney (California)
CEO, Enera
David Cheng (California)
Co-Founder & CEO, ZenPayroll
Stacie Cheng (California)
Director of Business Strategy and Operations, Dell
Roger Choplin (California)
Proprietor / Owner, Our Earth Music, Inc.
Deborah Cincotta (California)
George Cogan (California)
Partner, Bain & Company, Inc.
Tom Cole (California)
CEO, Consuming, Inc.
Brooke Coleman (Washington)
Assistant Professor, Seattle University Law School
Chip Collins (Massachusetts)
Managing Director and Senior Vice President, Business Development, The Forestland Group, LLC
Stephen Colwell (California)
Executive Director, Philanthropy Associates
Holly Corn (California)
Holly Corn, MD, Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Simone Coxe (California)
Catherine Crystal Foster (California)
Jane Cuddehe (New York)
Broker Associate, Coldwell Banker Devonshire
Michael Cuddehe (New York)
Principal, Strategic Global Advisors, LLC
Andrew Currie (Colorado)
Investor, Active Minds LLC
John Cusack (New York)
Financial Services Risk Management, Maplecroft Limited
Mary Ann Cusenza (California)
Independent Consultant for high tech and cleantech companies
Paul Danielsen (California)
VP Business Development, MMA Renewable Ventures
Lynne David (California)
Gordon Davidson (Virginia)
Chairman and Co-Founder, Lightsense Technology, Inc.
Jayne Davis (California)
Peter Davis (California)
Retired Attorney
Wayne Davis (Massachusetts)
Rick DeGolia (California)
Executive Chairman, Cimbal, Inc
Andrew Deitz (California)
CEO, Verdical
Michael Delapa (California)
DeLapa Consulting
Anne Delehunt (California)
Marketing Consultant, Delehunt-Ricketts
Chris Dennett (Oregon)
Senior Manager, North Highland Worldwide Consulting
Heather Dennett (Oregon)
Kaiser Permanente
George Denny (Massachusetts)
Partner, Halpern Denny & Co
Mark Doughty (Massachusetts)
President & CEO, Thoughtforms Corporation
Elizabeth Dreicer (California)
Co-Founder & CEO, KUITY Corp.
Patricia Durham (California)
Bethany Elmaleh (New York)
Niko Elmaleh (New York)
Vice President, World-Wide Holdings Corp.
Bob Epstein (California)
Co-Founder, Sybase, New Resource Bank, Environmental Entrepreneurs
Christina Erickson (Massachusetts)
Managing Director, WONDROS
Rob Erlichman (California)
Founder & President, Sunlight Electric, LLC
Homeyra Eshaghi (California)
Graphic Designer, Khosh Design
John Esposito (Tennessee)
President and CEO, Warner/Electra/Atlantic
Lynn Feintech (California)
Anne Feldhusen (California)
Consultant, Green Business Technology Marketing
Kacey Fitzpatrick (California)
President, Avalon Enterprises Inc
Steve Flick (Missouri)
Principal, Environmental Ecologist, Flick Seed Company
Jon Foster (California)
Chief Financial Officer, Zoox
Karen Francis (California)
CEO, Academix Direct, Inc
Tod Francis (California)
Founding Partner, Shasta Ventures
Nell Freudenberger (New York)
Rona Fried (New York)
President, SustainableBusiness.com
Gil Friend (California)
Chief Sustainability Officer, City of Palo Alto
Greg Gallo (California)
Partner, DLA Piper US LLP
Penny Gallo (California)
Of Counsel, DLA Piper US LLP
Guillaume Gauthereau (New York)
Founder and Chairman, Sequoia Lab
Bonnie Gemmell (California)
CEO, Spicer Bags
Rob Gemmell (California)
Co-Founder, AlikeList
Jonathan Gensler (Tennessee)
Founder/CEO, Revive Energy
Tushar Gheewala (California)
CEO & Chairman, Inventions Outsource
Nancy Gail Goebner (California)
Owner, Gardenpeach Place
Mitchell Golden (New York)
Principal, Jun Group
Susan Goldhor (Massachusetts)
Biologist, C.A.R.S.
Dan Goldman (Massachusetts)
Co-Founder and Managing Partner, Clean Energy Venture Group
Diana Goldman (Massachusetts)
Founder, ICanPlanIt
Ken Goldsholl (California)
CEO, x.o.ware, Inc.
Nancy Goldsholl (California)
Randy Goldstein (California)
CEO, OptiSolar Holdings LLC.
Wes Goldstein (California)
Senior Partner, Hobbs & Towne, Inc.
Jon Gordon (Colorado)
Managing Partner, Sheer Velocity, LLC
Vicki Gordon (Colorado)
Allen Greenfield (California)
Connie Greenfield (Connecticut)
Stewart Greenfield (Connecticut)
Chairman, Alternative Investment Group
Kate Greswold (California)
Manager, TOSA Foundation
Marianna Grossman (California)
Founder and Managing Partner, Minerva Ventures
Eric Grunebaum (Massachusetts)
Principal, Cambridge Energy Advisors
Tom Haggin (California)
Debbie Hall (California)
Chair of the Board, Village Enterprise Fund
Russell Hall (California)
Managing Director, Legacy Venture
Doug Hammer (California)
Senior Counsel, Shartsis Friese LLP
John Harper (Massachusetts)
Principal, Birch Tree Capital, LLC
Mike Hart (California)
CEO, Sierra Energy
Berl Hartman (Massachusetts)
E2 New England Chapter Director, Hartman Consulting
Hyman Hartman (Massachusetts)
Research Scientist, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tom Haslett (Massachusetts)
TILT Investment Management
Paula Hawthorn, PhD (California)
Carol Hazenfield (California)
Communications Coach
Sheryl Heckmann (California)
Events Coordinator, Law Foundation of Silicon Valley
Mark Heising (California)
Managing Director, Medley Partners
Ward Hendon (California)
Business Advisor, Independent Consultant
Gail Herson (California)
Herson-Stirman Family Fdn.
James Higgins (California)
Partner, Lakeside Enterprises
Jill Tate Higgins (California)
General Partner, Lakeside Enterprises
Shiela Hingorani (California)
First Vice President, Morgan Stanley
Jerry Hinkle (California)
Northern California Regional Coordinator, Citizens Climate Lobby
David Hitchcock (Virginia)
Rick Holmstrom (California)
Partner & Vice Chairman, Menlo Equities
Robin Hruska (Washington)
Ogden Hunnewell (Massachusetts)
President, Nordic Properties
Avi Jacobson
Senior Sustainable Energy Coordinator, Washington State Housing Finance Commission
Tom Jacoby (California)
CEO, Tymphany Corporation
Tom Johanix (California)
Sales Director, Business Development, Bill.com
Delayne Johnson (Iowa)
CEO & Founding Board Member, Quad County Corn Processors
Nicholas Josefowitz (California)
Executive Director, Leadership For A Clean Economy
Charlene Kabcenell (California)
Former Vice President, Oracle Corporation
Derry Kabcenell (California)
Former Executive Vice President, Oracle Corporation
Suparna Kadam (New Jersey)
Director of Business Development, EnterSolar
Jerome Kalur (Montana)
Attorney at Law
Ron Kamen (New York)
Founder, EarthKind Energy
Christopher Kaneb (Massachusetts)
Principal, Catamount Management Corporation
Maggie Kaplan (California)
Founder and Executive Director, Invoking the Pause
Van Katzman (Washington)
Principal, Ascent Law Partners LLP
Jonathan Kaufelt (California)
Private Investor; Former Attorney
Holly Kaufman (California)
CEO, Environment & Enterprise Strategies
Arthur Keller (California)
Managing Partner, Minerva Consulting
Will Kenworthy (Illinois)
President, Infer Energy
Bob Klausner (California)
Charly Kleissner (California)
Co-Founder, KL Felicitas Foundation
Lisa Kleissner (California)
Co-Founder, KL Felicitas Foundation
Charles Knowles (California)
Executive Director, Wildlife Conservation Network
Stephanie Knowles (California)
Chip Koch (California)
Partner, Petrosus Energy
Neil Koehler (California)
President and CEO, Pacific Ethanol
David Kolsrud (South Dakota)
President, DAK Renewable Energy
Felix Kramer (California)
Founder, Climate & Clean Energy Projects
Pete Krull (North Carolina)
CEO & Director of Investments, Earth Equity Advisors, LLC
DC Kuhns (Delaware)
CEO, Executive Director, Founder, EDEN Delmarva
Gina Lambright (California)
Managing Partner, TOZ Consulting
Nicole Lederer (California)
Chair and Co-Founder, Environmental Entrepreneurs
Rebecca Lee (California)
Waidy Lee (California)
Advisory Board Member, Sustainable Silicon Valley
Rochelle Lefkowitz (California)
President, Pro-Media Communications
Sam Leichman (California)
Co-Founder, LivingPlug
Bill Lemon (Washington)
Director, StoneBridge Securities, LLC
Ross Levy (California)
Principal, Levy Art & Architecture Inc.
Florence W. Liddell (New York)
Mark Liffmann (Washington)
Vice President of Sales, Marketing and Business Development, Clean Power Research
Peter Lobin (Illinois)
Managing Director, ZeroWaste Global, LLC
John Loewy (Colorado)
Polly Loewy (Colorado)
Paul Logan (New York)
Vice President, Jones Lang LaSalle
Alison Long Poetsch (California)
Principal, SHR Investments
Teresa Luchsinger (California)
Tracy Lyons (California)
Steve MacKay (California)
Principal, Scourie Network Partners
Andrew Magee (Massachusetts)
Senior Consultant, Epsilon Associates
Drew Maran (California)
President, Drew Maran Construction, Inc.
Ryan Martens (Colorado)
Founder, CTO & CSO, Rally Software Development
Wynn Martens (Colorado)
Outreach, University of Colorado
Christine Martin (California)
Clinical Nurse Specialist, San Francisco General Hospital
James Marvin (Massachusetts)
Regional Manager, North America East & Canada, Expeditors International of Washington Inc.
Joanna Marvin (Massachusetts)
Owner, Federal Consulting Solutions
Bonnie Matlock (California)
Nancy McCarter-Zorner (California)
Plant Pathologist
Bill McClure (California)
Attorney/Partner, Jorgenson, Siegel, McClure & Flegel LLP
Christina McClure (California)
Curator, TEDxYouth @ Mid Peninsula
Jim McDermott (California)
Managing Partner, U.S. Renewables Group
John McGarry (Washington)
Andy Mendelsohn (California)
Executive Vice President, Database Server Technologies, Oracle
Lisa Mihaly (California)
Daphne Miller (California)
Physician, Daphne Miller Family Practice
David Miller (Massachusetts)
Executive Managing Director, Clean Energy Venture Group
Karen Miller (Massachusetts)
President, Belly Shmooze
Brenden Millstein (California)
CEO, Carbon Lighthouse
Kate Mitchell (California)
Co-Founder and Partner, Scale Venture Partners
Wes Mitchell (California)
Board Member, Foto Forum, SFMOMA
Carol Moné (California)
Producer, Our Earth Productions
John Montgomery (California)
President, Lex Ultima
Linda Montgomery (California)
Catherine Morrow (Pennsylvania)
Jay Morrow (Pennsylvania)
Senior VP, AIG Property Casualty
David Moyar (New York)
President & CEO, MEI Hotels Inc.
Liz Muller (California)
Principal, Liz Muller & Partners
Emilie Munger Ogden (California)
Gib Myers (California)
Partner Emeritus, Mayfield Fund and Founder/board of the Entrepreneurs Foundation
Susan Myers (California)
Susan Nedell (Colorado)
E2 Rocky Mountains Advocate
Carl Nettleton (California)
President, Nettleton Strategies LLC
Wendy Neu (New York)
CEO, Hugo Neu Corporation
Armand Neukermans (California)
Founder, Xros
Eliane Neukermans (California)
Al Nierenberg (Massachusetts)
President, Evergreen Consulting & Training
Steve Nightingale (California)
Nadine North (California)
CEO, The North Point
Carrie Norton (California)
Founder & CEO, Green Business BASE CAMP
Tori Nourafchan (California)
Graham Noyes (California)
Managing Attorney, Noyes Law Corporation
Anne O'Grady (California)
Standish O'Grady (California)
Managing Director, Granite Ventures, LLC
Doug Ogden (California)
CEO, North Ridge Investment Management
Larry Orr (California)
General Partner, Trinity Ventures
Michael Brian Orr (Washington)
Senior Computer Scientist, Adobe Systems
Lyn Oswald (California)
Patricia Pacelli (New York)
Jim Panttaja (California)
R&D Advisor, Conversa Health
Mary Panttaja (California)
Vice President, Product Management, RebelVox
Peter Papesch (Massachusetts)
Architect, Papesch Associates
Mark Parnes (California)
Attorney, Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati
Neela Patel (California)
Executive Director of Business Engagement, Seattle Genetics
Jim Patton (California)
Senior Director - Global Trade Compliance, Apple
Tammy Patton (California)
Ricky Perera (New York)
Professor , Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health
Sam Perry (California)
President, Ascendance Ventures
Ethan Podell (New York)
President, Babel Networks Limited
Jeff Poetsch (California)
Principal, JCP Advisors
Christopher Pribe (California)
Ingrid Rasch (Washington)
Board Chair, Earth Economics
Bill Ravanesi (Massachusetts)
Senior Director of Health Care Green Building & Energy, Health Care Without Harm
Jennifer Regan (California)
Principal and Chief Sustainability Officer, We Bring It On Inc
Erin Reiling (California)
Kinkead Reiling (California)
Founder and CEO, Bonneville Labs
Grant Ricketts (California)
CEO and Co-Founder, Tripos Software, Inc.
Kate Ridgway (California)
Real Estate Professional
John Robbins (North Carolina)
President, Greathorn Properties, Inc.
David Rosenheim (California)
Executive Director, The Climate Registry
Jackie Rosenheim (California)
David Rosenstein (California)
President, Intex Solutions
Joan Rossetti (Massachusetts)
Chair, Environmental Affairs Committee of the Prudential Center Residents' Association
Amy Roth (California)
Laurie Rothenberg (New York)
Tom Roush (New York)
Private Investor and Environmental Activist
Jacqueline Royce (Massachusetts)
Independent Scholar
Karen Rucker (Colorado)
President, ByHandConsulting
Michael Rucker (Colorado)
CEO, Scout Clean Energy
Jack Rutherford (Idaho)
CEO & Founder, Modula S Inc
Stacey Rutherford (Idaho)
Managing Partner, Sun Valley Brokers LLC
Paul Salinger (California)
VP, Marketing, Oracle
John Santoleri (New York)
Partner, StoneWork Capital
Ella Saunders (Massachusetts)
Tedd Saunders (Massachusetts)
CSO, The Saunders Hotel Group
Eric Schmidt (California)
Executive Chairman, Google
Wendy Schmidt (California)
Founder, The 11th Hour Project
David Schwartz (California)
James Schwartz (Connecticut)
Vice President, Independence Solar
Frederick Schwarz, Jr. (New York)
Senior Counsel, Cravath, Swaine & Moore, L.L.P.
Lauren Scott (California)
Paul B. Scott (California)
Vice President, Advanced Technologies, Transportation Power Inc
Kathleen Scutchfield (California)
Kathleen Seip (Virginia)
Lt Gen (ret) Noman Seip (Virginia)
Owner, NS Solutions, LLC
Joel Serface (Colorado)
Managing Director, Catalyze
Carol Sethi (California)
Patient's Administration, Valley Medical Center, San Jose
Kuldip Sethi (California)
CEO, SV Greentech Corp.
Tim Sexton (California)
Principal, Make Good Group
Reid Shane (California)
Rebecca Shaw (California)
World Wildlife Fund
Laura Shenkar (California)
Principal, Artemis Water Strategy
Ann Shulman (California)
President, Philanthropy Associates, Inc.
Kelly Sickles (New York)
Principal, Common Hours, LLC
Barbara Simons (California)
Research Staff Member, Retired, IBM Research
Liz Simons (California)
Bill Simpson (California)
Jon Slangerup (California)
Chairman and CEO, American Global Logistics
Sandra Slater (California)
Owner, Sandra Slater Environments
Bryce Smith (Washington)
Level Ten Energy
Jennifer Solow (California)
David Spurr (Oregon)
Private Wealth Management, Merrill Lynch
Matt Stedl (Illinois)
Principal, Tradewind Energy, LLC
Marc Stolman (California)
Attorney, Stolman Law office, E2 Climate Project Leader
Jeremy Stone (Washington)
Chief Technology Officer, Code.org
Tricia Stone (California)
Founder, Stone Communications
Scott Struthers (California)
Co-Founder, Sonance
Peter Sullivan (California)
Founder, Clear Light Ventures
Ed Supplee (California)
Former CFO, UTStarcom
Sally Supplee (California)
Former Chief Financial Officer
Kevin Surace (California)
CEO, PushToTest
Jacob Susman (New York)
Founder and CEO, OwnEnergy
Russ Teall (California)
President and Founder, Biodico
Trey Teall (California)
VP Operations, Biodico
Sven Thesen (California)
Communication & Technology, Better Place
Todd Thorner (California)
CEO / Founder, JTN Energy
Craig Tighe (California)
Attorney, DLA Piper LLP (US)
John Tourtelotte (Massachusetts)
Managing Director, Rivermoor Energy
Mitch Tyson (Massachusetts)
Principal, Tyson Associates
Mike Ubell (California)
Roger Ullman (New York)
Executive Director, Linden Trust for Conservation
Bill Unger (California)
Partner Emeritus, Mayfield Fund
Bruce Usher (New York)
Faculty Director, Social Enterprise Program at Columbia Business School
Naomi Usher (New York)
Amy Van Beek (Iowa)
Co-Founder, Designer, Ideal Energy, Inc.
Troy Van Beek (Iowa)
President, Renewable Energy Expert, Ideal Energy, Inc.
Thomas Van Dyck (California)
Senior Vice President, RBC Wealth Management
Valerie Vance (Montana)
Mark Vander Ploeg (California)
Retired, Investment Banker
Christopher Walker (New York)
Director, North America, World Business Council for Sustainable Development
Kirby Walker (California)
Independent film/video producer
Alex Wall (Oregon)
Privacy Counsel, Marketo, Inc.
Dorothy Weaver (New York)
Babel Networks Limited
Bill Weihl (California)
Director of Sustainability, Facebook
Dave Welch (California)
President, Infinera Corporation
Heidi Welch (California)
Pamela Wellner (California)
Sr. Mgr. of Education & Outreach, Energy Upgrade California, California Center for Sustainable Energy
Eric Wepsic (New York)
Managing Director, D. E. Shaw & Co.
Bonni Widdoes (Massachusetts)
President, Gladden House
Alexa Willson (New York)
Managing Director, Private Client Advisor, U.S.Trust, Bank of America Private Wealth Management
David Willson (New York)
President, Stanbridge Capital
Andrew Winston (Connecticut)
Founder, Winston Eco-Strategies
Christine Winston (Connecticut)
Tonia Wisman (California)
Erik Wohlgemuth (Oregon)
COO, Future 500
Gary Wolff (California)
Principal Economist, 3E Engineering
George Woodwell (Massachusetts)
Founder and Director Emeritus, The Woods Hole Research Center
Katharine Woodwell (Massachusetts)
Retired Administrator
Vernon Woodworth (Massachusetts)
Consultant, AKFGroup
HansJorg Wyss (Massachusetts)
Ion Yadigaroglu (California)
Managing Partner, Capricorn Investment Group
Carroll Yandell (California)
George Yandell (California)
Director of Real Estate, Nature Conservancy
Peter Yolles (California)
Founder & Chief Policy Officer, Water Smart Software, Inc.
Daniel Yost (California)
Partner, Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP
Stephanie Yulga Deitz (California)
Head of Lower School, Marin Country Day School
Rosamund Zander (Massachusetts)
Chairman, Independent Design Center for the Environment
Margaret Zankel (California)
Martin Zankel (California)
Emeritus Chairman, BartkoZankel
Paul Zorner (California)
Locus Solutions

360 members


[i] “IPCC Fifth Assessment Synthesis Report,” Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Nov. 2014 http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/syr/SYR_AR5_LONGERREPORT.pdf
[ii] “2012 Natural Catastrophe Year in Review,” Munich Re, January 2013.
[iii] Kuczinski, Tony, "Severe Weather in North America", Munich Re, October 2012.
[iv] "Preliminary Info on 2012 U.S. Billion-Dollar Extreme Weather/Climate Events", National Climatic Data Center, December 2012.
[v] Melillo, Jerry M., Terese (T.C.) Richmond, and Gary W. Yohe, Eds., 2014: Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment. U.S. Global Change Research Program, 841 pp. doi:10.7930/J0Z31WJ2
[vi] Gordon, Kate, “Risky Business: The Economic Risks of Climate Change in the United States”, Risky Business Project, June 2014.
[vii] “Employment in Green Goods and Services – 2011,” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, March 2013. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/ggqcew.pdf
[ix] "Electric Power Monthly with Data for April 2013", U.S. Energy Information Administration, June 2013.
[x] "U.S. Solar Market Insight Q1 2013", Solar Energy Industry Association, June 2013.
[xi] Downing, Louise. "Wind Farm Operating Costs Fall 38% in Four Years, BNEF Says", Bloomberg, November 2012.
[xii] “2014 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard,” American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. Oct. 2014. http://www.aceee.org/files/pdf/summary/u1408-summary.pdf
[xiii] Hibbard, Paul, “The Economic Impacts of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative on Ten Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States”, Analysis Group, November 2011.
[xiv] Hinkle, Gene, “PJM Renewable Integration Study,” PJM Interconnection. March 2014. http://www.pjm.com/committees-and-groups/task-forces/irtf/pris.aspx
[xv] Lew, D. et al, “Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Sept. 2013  http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy13osti/55588.pdf
[xvi] “Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study”, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Feb 2011. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy11osti/47078.pdf
[xvii] “Lazard's Levelized Cost Of Energy Analysis — Version 8.0,” Lazard. Nov. 2014. http://www.lazard.com/PDF/Levelized%20Cost%20of%20Energy%20-%20Version%208.0.pdf
[xviii] “SunShot Vision Study,” U.S. Department of Energy and National Renewable Energy Laboratory,  February 2012. http://energy.gov/eere/sunshot/sunshot-vision-study
[xix] Electricity Monthly Update, U.S. Energy Information Agency, Feb. 2014. http://www.eia.gov/electricity/monthly/update/archive/april2014/
[xx] Data available at EIA.gov
[xxi] “2014 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard,” American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. Oct. 2014. http://www.aceee.org/files/pdf/summary/u1408-summary.pdf
[xxii] Barbose, G. L., C.A. Goldman, I. M. Hoffman, M. A. Billingsley, “The Future of Utility Customer-Funded Energy Efficiency Programs in the United States: Projected Spending and Savings to 2025,” January 2013, LBNL-5803E
[xxiii] M. Molina. “The Best Value for America’s Energy Dollar: A National Review of the Cost of Utility Energy Efficiency Programs.” Washington, DC: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. http://www.aceee.org/research-report/u1402.

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