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Business Voice for the Environment
Good for the Economy.
Good for the Environment.

Hon. Ryan Zinke
Department of the Interior
1849 C Street, N.W.
Washington DC 20240
CC: United States House of Representatives, United States Senate
RE:  Comments for the 2019-2024 Draft Proposed National Oil and Gas Leasing Program Docket ID: BOEM-2017-0074
Dear Secretary Zinke,

As business leaders and members of E2 (Environmental Entrepreneurs), we write in strong opposition to plans to ex­­pose our nation’s coastlines to more offshore oil and gas exploration.
Expanding offshore drilling would impose unacceptable economic costs on our coastlines and our public waters. It would also deepen our nation’s dependence on oil and undermine our transition to cleaner energy sources, including offshore wind.

E2 is a national, nonpartisan group of business leaders, investors, and professionals from every sector of the economy who advocate for smart policies that are good for the economy and good for the environment. Our members have founded or funded more than 2,500 companies, created more than 600,000 jobs, and manage more than $100 billion in venture and private equity capital. 

Your administration’s plans to auction off virtually all of our coastlines to drilling is a direct threat to our coastal communities, our ocean economy, and our nation. In 2012, our nation’s oceans generated $100 billion in tourism and recreation and supplied more than 2 million jobs[1] In California alone, the coastal economy employs more than 500,000 workers and contributes $40 billion annually to the economy through tourism, recreation and commercial and recreational fishing. No amount of oil or drilling-related jobs can replace this.
We know from experience that the impact of an oil spill would be devastating. In 2010, the BP Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded in the Gulf of Mexico, killing 11 workers, injuring 17 others and creating one of the most damaging environmental disasters in the nation’s history. This spill impacted more than 1,300 miles of coastline – an area equivalent to the beaches stretching from Boston to Savannah. The Gulf of Mexico commercial fishing industry lost an estimated $952 million and more than 9,300 jobs as a result of post-spill fisheries closures[i]. In addition, Gulf coastal states lost billions of dollars in lost tourism revenues, and some areas continue to suffer even today.[2]
If this type of incident would occur off the Atlantic or Pacific coast – and there is no place in our country where offshore drilling has occurred that has not experienced a spill - it would be disastrous to economies and communities all along these densely populated areas. A spill in the Arctic would be equally as devastating. Far from any relief and in one of the most challenging environments on Earth, a spill in the Arctic would be more than our U.S. Coast Guard can handle today; impossible to clean up and extremely costly. Even without a spill, our oceans and coasts would be negatively impacted by industrialization and the smaller leaks that are endemic to any oil and gas development.  

By furthering our dependence on oil, offshore drilling will also hurt our nation’s burgeoning clean energy industry and our transition to a sustainable, low-carbon economy. Diverting resources from renewable energy to drilling operations threatens to cede our leadership in clean energy to other countries. It also sends the wrong signal to investors who in 2017 invested nearly $57 billion into clean energy technologies in the United States.[3]
There are more sensible ways to tap into the energy of our oceans. In stark contrast to offshore oil, offshore wind resources are abundant and when properly developed can provide clean energy and economic growth without endangering our ocean economy. Tapping just one quarter of our nation’s offshore wind potential would provide as much electricity as our nation’s combined generating capacity of fossil fuel-based power plants. In the Atlantic, modest development of clean, renewable offshore wind could create twice as many jobs – about 91,000 more jobs – than offshore drilling, according to some estimates.[4]  
Finally, the public doesn’t want more offshore drilling. Poll after poll shows a groundswell of opposition to offshore drilling but strong support for investing in clean energy that grows the economy while producing good, domestic, sustainable employment.

For all these reasons and more, we ask you not to expand offshore drilling and expose our coasts and economies to the severe risks that come with it. Opening vast new areas to oil extraction and threatening our coastal economies is inconsistent with that vision and represents a poor allocation of federal resources.  

We appreciate your attention to this critical issue.


Dan Abrams (California)
President/CEO, Wynkoop Properties
Clifford Adams (New York)
Managing Director, Coady Diemar Partners
Nick Allen (California)
Partner, Spring Ventures LLC
Emily Applegate (Colorado)
Meritage Funds, TF Investors
Claire Baldwin (California)
Jay Baldwin (California)
President, Wind River Capital Partners, LLC
Fred Bamber (California)
Managing Director, Spartina LLC
Jamie Banks (Massachusetts)
Executive Director, Quiet Communities, Inc.
Constance Barbour (Massachusetts)
Dora Barlaz Hanft (New York)
Caroline Bauhaus (California)
Education Consultant, Equity & Access
Mark Bauhaus (California)
Partner, Just Business
Patricia Bauman (District of Columbia)
President, Bauman Foundation
Dave Belote (Virginia)
Managing Partner & CEO, DARE Strategies LLC
Jeff Bennett (Colorado)
Founder, Big Kid Science
Lisa Bennett (Colorado)
Karin Berardo (California)
Founder, SIRES Advisors; Board Member, CleanPath
Seth Berkman (Massachusetts)
Energy Market Analyst, SourceOne
Laura Berland (California)
Principal Consultant, Tellus Strategic Consulting
Eric Berman (Washington)
President and Co-Chair, E8 Angels
Luann Berman (Washington)
Tony Bernhardt, PhD (California)
Board Member, Resources for the Future
Marcella Bernstein (California)
Stuart Bernstein (California)
Founding Member, Sustainable Capital LLC
Maureen Blanc (California)
Barbara Blumenthal (New Jersey)
President, Blumenthal Consulting LLC
Philip Blumenthal (North Carolina)
Director, Blumenthal Foundation
David Bowen (California)
Bill Boyk (Oregon)
CEO/Founder, GyroVolts by Ameristar Solar, LLC
Diane Boyk (Oregon)
George Brandt (California)
Tom Breunig (California)
Publisher, Cleantech Concepts
Beth Brummitt (California)
President, Brummitt Consulting
John Bryant (District of Columbia)
Barbara Brenner Buder (California)
VP of Finance & Administration, San Francisco Theological Seminary
Jim Bunch (California)
Chairman, Green Chamber
Dianne Callan (Massachusetts)
Independent Legal Consulting, Green Tech Legal
Evelyn Carpenter (Colorado)
President and CEO, Solas Energy Consulting
Peter Carson (California)
Partner, Sheppard Mullin Hampton & Richter LLP
Priscilla Carson (California)
Suzanne Charle
Journalist, Freelance
Roger Choplin (California)
Proprietor / Owner, Our Earth Music, Inc.
Brooke Coleman (Washington)
Assistant Professor, Seattle University Law School
Ann Colley (New York)
Robert Cooper (Massachusetts)
Founder & CEO, Embue
Abe Costanza (New York)
Ruth F. Cox (California)
CEO and Executive Director, Prospect Silicon Valley
Catherine Crystal Foster (California)
Andrew Currie (Colorado)
Investor, Active Minds LLC
Linda Curtis (New York)
John Cusack (New York)
Financial Services Risk Management, Maplecroft Limited
Mary Ann Cusenza (California)
Independent Consultant for high tech and cleantech companies
Jayne Davis (California)
Peter Davis (California)
Retired Attorney
Rick DeGolia (California)
Executive Chairman, Intellipark
Andrew Deitz (California)
CEO, Verdical
Michael Delapa (California)
DeLapa Consulting
Chris Dennett (Oregon)
Director of Strategy and Integration, The Tofurky Company
Heather Dennett (Oregon)
Kaiser Permanente
Sheila Dennis (Massachusetts)
Director, Principal Gifts, Harvard Divinity School
Dino Dobbins (California)
Sales Engineer, North American Repower
Ted Driscoll (California)
Managing Partner, DigitalDx Ventures
Patricia Durham (California)
Tim Dwight (Iowa)
Business Development, Integrated Power Corporation
Robert Earley (New York)
Principal, Armor Capital
Karen Eggerman (California)
James Ellis (Massachusetts)
Manager, Mere Point LLC
Bethany Elmaleh (New York)
Niko Elmaleh (New York)
Vice President, World-Wide Holdings Corp.
Bob Epstein (California)
Director / Co-Founder, Sybase, New Resource Bank, Environmental Entrepreneurs
Christina Erickson (Massachusetts)
Managing Director, WONDROS
Rob Erlichman (California)
Owner/Founder, Sunlight Electric, LLC
Lynn Feintech (California)
David Fischer (Massachusetts)
Partner, Gold Hill Capital
Maxwell Fleming (Colorado)
Programs & Efficiency Manager, EcoSystems
Jon Foster (California)
Chief Financial Officer, Zoox
Karen Francis (California)
Board Member, Telenav
Richard Frankel (California)
Director, UL
Lisa Gansky (California)
Non-Executive Director, 11:FS
Linda Gerber (Oregon)
Principal Consultant, Linda Gerber Consulting Services
Phil Giudice
CEO, Ambri
Susan Goldhor (Massachusetts)
Biologist, C.A.R.S.
Ken Goldsholl (California)
CEO, x.o.ware, Inc.
Nancy Goldsholl (California)
Wes Goldstein (California)
Operating Partner, Energy Impact Partner
Lorena Gonda Kiralla (California)
Tom Goodrich (California)
Managing Director, Duff, Ackerman & Goodrich
Todd Gossett (Virginia)
Boris Grinkot (New York)
Part Time Faculty, Parsons, School of Design Strategies
Alexander A. Hamilton
Marketing, A-Z Green Energy Warehouse Incorporated
Doug Hammer (California)
John Harper (Massachusetts)
Principal, Birch Tree Capital, LLC
RJ Harrington (Colorado)
President & CEO, Sustainable Action Consulting PBC
Berl Hartman (Massachusetts)
E2 New England Chapter Director, Hartman Consulting
Hyman Hartman (Massachusetts)
Research Scientist, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Paula Hawthorn, PhD (California)
Carol Hazenfield (California)
Communications Coach
Sheryl Heckmann (California)
Event Coordinator, Law Foundation of Silicon Valley
Tom Henry (Massachusetts)
Alan Herzig (California)
Independent Director
Russ Holdstein (California)
Susan Holdstein (California)
Greg Hopkins (Colorado)
Associate, Rocky Mountain Institute
John Hopkins (District of Columbia)
Vice President - Energy & Infrastructure, Astris Finance LLC
Robin Hruska (Washington)
Diana Humphrey (Massachusetts)
Suzanne Hunt (New York)
President, Hunt Green LLC
Ari Isaak (California)
Founder and CEO, Evari GIS Consulting, Inc.
Lars Johansson (Washington)
Manager, Element E8 Fund
Delayne Johnson (Iowa)
CEO & Founding Board Member, Quad County Corn Processors
Michael Johnson-Chase (New York)
Blogger, Carbonstories.org
Al Jubitz (Oregon)
President, Jubitz Family Foundation
Charlene Kabcenell (California)
Former Vice President, Oracle Corporation
Derry Kabcenell (California)
Former Executive Vice President, Oracle Corporation
Suparna Kadam (New Jersey)
Director of Business Development, EnterSolar
Jerome Kalur (Montana)
Attorney at Law
Ron Kamen (New York)
Founder, EarthKind Energy
Christopher Kaneb (Massachusetts)
Principal, Catamount Management Corporation
Archie Kasnet (Massachusetts)
Founder & President, Regenerate, LLC
Lloyd Kass (New Jersey)
Vice President, Policy & Business Development, Lime Energy
Arthur Keller (California)
Managing Partner, Minerva Consulting
Eric Kentor (California)
Consultant-Legal Advisor
Gavriella Keyles (California)
Manager, Stakeholder Engagement, Future 500
Steven Kiralla (California)
Eco Dad, Kids in the House
Peter Kirby (Massachusetts)
Board Director, Governance Committee Chair, Plaxall, Inc.
Charly Kleissner (California)
Co-Founder & Investor, KL Felicitas Foundation
Lisa Kleissner (California)
Co-Founder, KL Felicitas Foundation
Charles Knowles (California)
Executive Director, Wildlife Conservation Network
Stephanie Knowles (California)
Nick Kolesar (Pennsylvania)
Student, Penn State University
Chip Krauskopf (California)
VP Business Development, Aditazz
Fred Kraybill (Pennsylvania)
Thomas Blvd Group
Sue Learned-Driscoll (California)
Administrator, Stanford University
Brice Leconte (Virginia)
Founder, iUnit
Nicole Lederer (California)
Chair and Co-Founder, Environmental Entrepreneurs
Todd Lehman (Colorado)
Co-founder, Clear Intentions
Florence Liddell (New York)
Mark Liffmann (Washington)
CEO & Founder, Omnidian, Inc.
Justin Lindenmayer
Mike Lingle (Illinois)
CEO, Eta Vision
Jonathan Livingston (California)
Founder, C-Prize
Patricia Lloyd (Illinois)
Sustainability Manager, Leopardo Companies, Inc.
Deepa Lounsbury (California)
Director of Products, Extensible Energy
Tracy Lyons (California)
Steve MacKay (California)
Principal, Scourie Network Partners
Theron Makley (Colorado)
Contract and Fractional Marketing and Sales Executive, Self-Employed
Lori Malloy (New York)
Special Counsel, Fred F. French Investing LLC
Drew Maran (California)
Owner, Drew Maran Construction, Inc.
Ryan Martens (Colorado)
Mentor, TechStars
Wynn Martens (Colorado)
Outreach, University of Colorado
Christine Martin (California)
Clinical Nurse Specialist, San Francisco General Hospital
RJ Mastic (Colorado)
Founder and CEO, Ecosystems
Tom McCalmont (California)
President, McCalmont Engineering
Joe and Pamela McDonald (Colorado)
c/o The Community Foundation Serving Boulder County
John McGarry (Washington)
Investor - Retired
Steve Melink (Ohio)
Founder & CEO, Melink Corporation
Mike Mercer (Oregon)
Principal, MMercer Consulting
Lisa Mihaly (California)
David Miller (Ohio)
President, Edison Solar and Wind LTD
George Miller
Director - Business Development, BlueWave Solar
Robin Mills (California)
Kate Mitchell (California)
Co-Founder and Partner, Scale Venture Partners
Wes Mitchell (California)
Board Member, Foto Forum, SFMOMA
Carol Moné (California)
Producer & Owner, Our Earth Productions
John Montgomery (California)
President, Lex Ultima
Bill Mook (Maine)
Maine Oyster Farmer
Hiroshi Morihara (Oregon)
HM3 Energy
Catherine Morrow (Pennsylvania)
Jay Morrow (Pennsylvania)
Senior VP, AIG Property Casualty
Kevin Morse (Colorado)
Vice President, Lever Real Estate Capital
Emilie Munger Ogden (California)
Armand Neukermans (California)
Founder - Retired, Xros
Anne Arquit Niederberger (California)
VP Market Development, Enervee
Al Nierenberg (Massachusetts)
President, Evergreen Consulting & Training
David Noble (Ohio)
President, The Noble Foundation
Tori Nourafchan (California)
Graham Noyes (California)
Managing Attorney, Noyes Law Corporation
Anne O'Grady (California)
Standish O'Grady (California)
Director of Board of Directors, Smule, Inc.
Dylan Oakley (New York)
Account Manager, Greenwich Energy Solutions
Doug Ogden (California)
CEO, North Ridge Investment Management
Larry Orr (California)
General Partner, Trinity Ventures
Michael Brian Orr (Washington)
Senior Computer Scientist, Adobe Systems
Dani Orth (Colorado)
Events & Programs Coordinator, The Alliance Center
Lyn Oswald (California)
Mark Owen (Oregon)
CEO, Puralytics
Barbara Page (California)
Co-Founder, Anthropocene Institute, LLC
Whitney Painter (Colorado)
Partner, Buglet Solar Electric Installation
Neela Patel (California)
Executive Director of Business Engagement, Seattle Genetics
Rebecca Patton (California)
Sharon Pillar (Pennsylvania)
Vice President, SmartPower
Milton Pinsky (Illinois)
Chairman, Banner Real Estate Group, LLC
Christian Rees (Oregon)
Director of Installations, Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Emily Reichert (Massachusetts)
Chief Executive Officer, Greentown Labs
Jack Robinson (Massachusetts)
Vice Chair and Portfolio Manager, Trillium Asset Management
Liz Robinson (Pennsylvania)
Executive Director, Philadelphia Solar Energy Association
Sarah Robinson (Massachusetts)
Founding Partner, WeSpire
David Rosenstein (California)
President, Intex Solutions
Dr. Waseem Roshen (Ohio)
CEO, SS Power Technology
Joan Rossetti (Massachusetts)
Chair, Environmental Affairs Committee of the Prudential Center Residents' Association
Amy Roth (California)
Marcie Rothman (California)
Jacqueline Royce (Massachusetts)
Independent Scholar
Ryan Rupert (Kansas)
Meg Ruxton (California)
Partnerships Manager, Charge Across Town
Amy Santullo (California)
California Clean Tech Open, Downtown College Prep Scholarship Committee
Kim Schlaepfer (Colorado)
Sustainability Coordinator, YR&G
Ilana Schoenfeld (Massachusetts)
Researcher/Learning Designer, MIT Museum
David Schwartz (California)
Lauren Scott (California)
Paul Scott (California)
Vice President, Advanced Technologies, Transportation Power Inc
Lt Gen (ret) Noman Seip (Virginia)
Owner, NS Solutions, LLC
Joel Serface (Florida)
Independent Consultant
Tim Sexton (California)
Principal, Make Good Group
Sunil Shah (California)
Engineering Manager, Mesosphere, Inc.
Cathleen Shattuck (Washington)
Creative Director, evluma
Rebecca Shaw (California)
Bart Sheldrake (Colorado)
Partner, Buglet Solar Electric Installation
Courtney Shephard (Colorado)
Attorney, Davis Graham & Stubbs LLP
Barbara Simons (California)
Research Staff Member, Retired, IBM Research
Eric Simons (Colorado)
Eolus Consulting
Randy Skeie (Iowa)
Owner, EcoWise Power
Jon Slangerup (California)
Industrial Advisor, EQT Group
Sandra Slater (California)
Director, Northern California, Cool City Challenge
Greg Smith (Ohio)
President, Energy Optimizers
Alex Spataru (California)
CEO, The Adept Group, Inc.
Joe Spease (Missouri)
CEO, WindSoHy
Jim Spencer (Pennsylvania)
President & CEO, EverPower Wind Holdings
Justin Sternberg (California)
Managing Director, Continuum Industries
Marc Stolman (California)
Attorney, Stolman Law office, E2 Climate Project Leader
Ed Supplee (California)
Former CFO, UTStarcom
Sally Supplee (California)
Former Chief Financial Officer
Jim Sweeney (Massachusetts)
President, Sustainable New Energy
Karen Sweeney (Iowa)
Energy Analyst, The Energy Group
Sven Thesen (California)
Founder & CEO, BeniSol Solar, ProjectGreenHome.org
Andrew Thomaides (Colorado)
Todd Thorner (District of Columbia)
Cariad Thronson (California)
CEO, Forefront Marketing & Communications
Robert Thronson (California)
VP Marketing & Business Development, Vigilent
Doug Trimbach (North Carolina)
Vice President and Director, Lighting Services, Energy Optimizers, USA
Terry Trumbull (California)
Trumbull Law Firm-Chairman, CA Waste Management Board, 1979-84
Mike Ubell (California)
Treasurer/Recorder, OpenOakland
Bill Unger (California)
Board Member & DAdvisor, Not for Profits and For Profit Tech Companies
Amy Van Beek (Iowa)
Co-Founder, Designer, Ideal Energy Inc
Troy Van Beek (Iowa)
CEO, Ideal Energy Inc
Lorna Vander Ploeg (California)
Mark Vander Ploeg (California)
Senior Managing Director - Retired, Evercore Partners
Jill Vaske
President, Sage/Sustainable Electronics
Marilyn Waite (California)
Climate and Clean Energy Finance Program Officer, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Charlotte Walker (Connecticut)
President & Founder, TSF Management, Inc.
Laura Wasko (Virginia)
Better Building Works
David Watson (California)
Director & Investor, Ultra Captial
Samuel Weaver (Colorado)
President/CEO, Cool Energy, Inc.
Bill Weihl (California)
Founder and Executive Director, ClimateVoice
Dave Welch (California)
President, Infinera Corporation
Heidi Welch (California)
Haskell Werlin (Massachusetts)
Solar Project Developer, Solar Design Associates
Tony Williams (Oregon)
City Letter Carrier, US Postal Service
Alexa Willson (New York)
Managing Director, Private Client Advisor, U.S.Trust, Bank of America Private Wealth Management
David Willson (New York)
President, Stanbridge Capital
Tonia Wisman (California)
Zachary Witman (New York)
Co-Founder, GrowSquares
Andrea Wittchen (Pennsylvania)
Principal, iSpring
Gordon Woodcock
Department Manager, Taitem Engineering
George Woodwell (Massachusetts)
Founder and Director Emeritus, The Woods Hole Research Center
Katharine Woodwell (Massachusetts)
Retired Administrator
Mary M. Yang (California)
Former Biotech Co-Founder & President, KAIROS Scientific Inc
Daniel Yates (California)
Daniel Yost (California)
Partner, Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP
Stephanie Yulga Deitz (California)
Head of Lower School, Marin Country Day School
Mark Yuschak (New Jersey)
Instructor, Thomas Shortman
Margaret Zankel (California)
Emeritus Chairman, BartkoZankel
Martin Zankel (California)
Emeritus Chairman, BartkoZankel
Marie Zimmerman (Kentucky)
President, The Lion Company, Inc.

274 members


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